Mary Frances-Winters

This blog post has been adapted from Chapter Three of our book, Inclusive Conversations: Fostering Equity, Empathy, and Belonging across Differencesby Mary-Frances Winters. It describes a 3-step process for practicing metacognition and explains how working on self-talk and self-concept can improve inclusive conversations.


Practicing metacognition can improve your skills in engaging in conversations across differences, especially on the topic of race, one of the most difficult to navigate. Metacognition is the ability to think about and regulate one’s own thoughts. It is thinking about thinking. Through the process of thinking about thinking, you can change your thoughts. This concept is gaining popularity in how teachers train students to approach a task.

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